Building upon a previously reported (and still un-patched!) vulnerability in the BT Home Hub which allows HTTP authentication to be bypassed, the folks over at GNUCitizen recently announced a way to leverage that vulnerability to cause the Hub to steal or hijack VoIP calls if the BT customer is also using the BT Broadband Talk service:
If the victim visits our evil proof-of-concept webpage, his/her browser sends a HTTP request to the BT Home Hubâ€™s web interface. After this, the Home Hub starts a VoIP/telephone connection to the recipientâ€™s phone number specified in the exploit page. This is what the attack looks like: the victimâ€™s VoIP telephone starts ringing and shows an external call message on the LCD screen along with the recipientâ€™s phone number. However, whatâ€™s interesting is that from the point of view of the victim, it looks like he/she is receiving a phone call from the number shown on the screen, but in fact he/she is calling that number!
At the heart of the vulnerability is the fact that to the victim it appears that they are receiving a call when in fact they are actually the party placing the call. Essentially, this vulnerability can be leveraged to perform a number of attacks utilizing the BT Home Hub, such as annoyance or prank calls like the scenario described above where two unwitting people believe that each has called the other when they are connected, advanced phishing attacks such as causing the user to believe their Bank has called them, or even toll fraud in some cases where the user could be made to call pay services.
For users of the BT Home Hub and Talk Service, you can demo the exploit for yourself by visiting GNUCitizen’s Proof-of-Concept web page.